Friday, May 2, 2014

Names 61 to 70

GROUP C
Next is the description of Mother which would fall under " The All-conquering Mother ." " Shree Mahaa Raajni."(श्रीमहाराज्ञी) She is the best fighter, i.e., the eradicator of whatever is inimical to the devotees in the inner as well as the outer world. This Group C describes Mother as a valorous fighting Mother in battle-field.
The names so beautifully described here-below can be allegorically best explained. 
(61) Bhandaasura-vadhodyukta-shakti-senaa-samanvitaa  
भण्डासुरवधोद्युक्तशक्तिसेनासमन्विता - She is endowed with an army of Shaktis (powers) for the sake of slaying the sinful-suggesting and life-sucking in-dweller.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक  65 
There is a belief in many religions that there is a Satan or a devil, who drives away one towards sinfulness. Here the idea is that there is an in-dweller within every being, something like the personification of the lower mind, who is an unavoidable being, being co-existent with the embodied and imprisoned soul, afflicted with ignorance, impermanency, limitedness, pain, sorrow, fear, etc.
The best way of breaking this Indweller's power is prostration to Mother's Lotus Feet, as by falling flat before Mother's Lotus Feet, the in-dweller is within our grip, being pressed between the ground and our heavy body. He can be emaciated and annihilated in course of time by the all-evil-consuming rays rushing from the Lotus Feet, the fingers and the nails which while coursing through our head and heart up to the toe and returning to Mother's Feet, take away a large portion of our worldly attachment and consciousness.
Asura असुर is made of Asu असु, meaning life and ra meaning to take away. Asura असुर, therefore, means he who takes away life. Mythologically Bhandaasura was a demon born from the ashes of the God of love after he was burnt by Shiva. Philosophically the outlook about good and evil should be widened on knowing that evil is the only offspring of love itself, but when misplaced."Bhanda" भण्ड means beautiful to look and hellish to deal with, wrathful and shameless, apologising and repeating the same sins and harassments again & again."Bhandaasura"  
भण्डासुर may also mean a fettered soul and to destroy him means to transmute a bound soul to be a free soul.
As there are many further descriptive names, it is better to go side by side, with different meanings comprising concrete and abstract conceptions, and literal and philosophical interpretations. The reader of the book like this is expected to do much of the gap-filling, sorting and similar work, himself. There must be an ample field for him to exercise his own faculties, to serve himself and Mother. 
The Mother's army consists of Ganesha and Bhairava and Shaktis. Ganesha means determination after discriminationand Bhairava means strong and perseverant, whole-hearted, nothing-sparring effort. Shaktis means powers which are best gained and awakened by Mother's meditation, as Meditation has creative power.
(62) Sampatkari-samaarudha-sindhura-vraja-sevitaa 
संपत्करीसमारूढसिंधूरव्रजसेविता - Attended by herds of elephants conducted by Sampatkari.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 66
To these elements of discrimination, determination, and efforts, is added the cheerfulness which is the fulness of the joyous state of mind, with patience.
Elephants are known for wisdom and their quite and cheerful disposition. In one word they are of Saatvik, i.e., equipoised and discriminative nature. Elephant-goad is previously stated to represent control or knowledge. So Sampatkari is the knowledge-energy of the three energies.
(63) Ashvaarudha-adhishtita-ashva-koti-koti-bhiraavritaa
 अश्वारूढाधिष्ठिताश्वकोटिकोटिभिरावृता -Surrounded by many crores of horses conducted by Ashvaarudha.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 67
The power of Ashvaarudha sprang from the noose of Lalitaa and ran in front of Mother with a great speed, riding a horse called Aparaajitaa अपराजिता ( The invincible ), and crores of swift horses followed Her. The senses are called horses. Arudhaa अरूढा means rider ( of horses), the controller of the senses, i.e., mind.
What is meant by Ashvaarudha riding, followed by crores of horses, is that She directs and drives endless sense-impressions in millions of minds simultaneously? Thus Ashvaarudhaa is full of Raajasik,राजसिक i.e., active nature. The noose represents desire, and Ashvaarudhaa may be taken to mean energy of desire.
Viewing Mother as in battlefield She has in Her army:- first, elephants with Sampatkari संपतकरी then horses with Ashvaarudhaa अश्वारूढा, next Dandini दण्डिनी, then Mantrini मन्त्रिणी and then She Herself. Dandini दण्डिनी, Mantrini मन्त्रिणी and Herself are seated each in a chariot.
Dandini rides forth with a rod in her hand and is a power of action. She proclaims the advent of Mother striking fear and establishes the consciousness about the final supremacy of the powers of Mother that follows. Mantrini who next follows is the intimate minister of Mother for discussion, decision and propagation of the simplest welfare remedy of repeating Her names with sacred Mantras Praise Hymns, etc.
Viewed from the point of view of the inner life, while conquering the inner foes, it becomes apparent that the first thing is that the knowledge of our imperfection & bondage.(Sampatkari). The second thing is the strong desire to do everything to be, be liberated. (Ashvaarudhaa).The third thing is breaking all obstructions with the rod. Say, by making Chitta-shuddhi or attaining purity of mind by a hard struggle, by penance, by becoming enemy of oneself, and by undergoing rigid observances, etc.(Dandini). The fourth thing is Grace which is the result of Mantra repetition, devotion, praising Mother, etc. (Mantrini). The fifth and last thing is the acceptance by mother Herself, on perfecting what still remains as imperfection.
To understand and appreciate Mother's names one great truth should be constantly borne in mind,viz.,the underlying idea of the intense spirit during the repetition of all descriptions is that Mother makes Her devotee to be what She is described as and that Her devotee becomes Mother  like by either Her special making or by natural psychic law of " We become what we meditate upon," or by the combination of both Grace and unifying meditation.
Thus when we describe Mother as victorious over worst enemies, apparently, there is no propriety of saying so when Mother is all in all, but the spirit behind the idea of repeating the name, and of praising Her with these words is that the devotee becomes victorious over his worst enemies."
I have changed the order of the next three names to suit my interpretation.  
(64) Kirichakrarathaarudha-dandanaathaa-puraskritaa 
किरिचक्ररथारूढदण्डनाथापुरस्कृता - She is preceded by Danadanaatha, who rides Her chariot Kirichakra. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 70
Kiri means boar. The chariot is drawn by boars. Kirichakra-mounting is riding rough-shod.
Taking the case of a very mediocre devotee, to start with, Dandanaatha दण्डनाथ same as Dandini दण्डिनी helps him by giving him the strength to override rough conditions and sometimes also by saving him from consequences of others riding rough-shod over him. Next, Mantrini मन्त्रिणी saves him from the evils of worldliness and of temporary happy living, by constantly reminding him of the Mother's Lotus Feet, and of the supreme truth, that whatever good has fallen to his lot is due to Her Grace
(65) Geyachakra-rathaarudha-mantrini-pari-sevitaa 
गेयचक्ररथारूमन्त्रिणीपरिसेविता - She is attended by Mantrini who rides the chariot Geyachakra. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 69
By Geya the simplest meaning may be taken to be "praiseworthy". Geya means worthy of singing or carrying singing as in modern radio-furnished motors. Geya chariot may be taken to be chariot " connected with praise," i.e., sympathetic with the pedestrians on the spiritual path of praising, singing psalms, etc., i.e., devotion to Mother.
(66) Chakraraaja-rathaarudha-sarvaayudha-parishkritaa 
 चक्रराजरथारूढसर्वायुधपरिष्कृता -  Seated in the chariot named Chakraraaja, She is armed with all the weapons. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 68
The king of chariots, Chakraraaja, belongs to the great Queen Mother and it carries Ananda flag, the flag of Bliss.
It should be noted Mother alone has weapons and she has all weapons. The other two can help, but not finally and fully.
"She has all weapons." This means that however wicked or weak you may be, that can be set right in no time by Mother's Grace. Bliss which represents the flag is secured for them that are under Her banner.
For a very mediocre devotee who prays for immediate relief or gain, Chakra means all different vicissitudes of life, the various ups and downs. She is the Raaj राज (Master) of them. The Disposer of them. She is always ready for the earliest flight to the devotee being Rathaarudha i.e., mounted in a chariot, with all weapons,i.e., remedies to secure relief to the devotee against all kinds of enemies or obstructions, as of personal imperfections or worldly uncongenialities, etc.
(67) Jwaalaamaali-nikaakshiptaa-vahni-praakaara-madhyagaa ज्वालामालिनिकाक्षिप्तवह्निप्राकारमध्यगा - She is in the centre of the blaze of fire throwing out sparks. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 71
All this seeming protection from outside against enemies and the army paraphernalia is more for dignity. The real thing is that whatever appears as a spheroidal fire-blazing protective stronghold enveloping Herself, radiates from Herself.
There is a reference that while Mother was fighting accompanied by the army of Her Shaktis against the demon, the demon said, " Why do you get proud of defeating me? It is the power of thy shaktis and not Thyself ". The Mother answered him saying " These are only my splendours and my own aspects. There is none except myself ", and on Her replying so, all the Shaktis entered Her.
This name can also be taken to mean " She that most miraculously creates sparks of devotion in the midst of blazes of fire of calamities, in the case of the devotees."
(68) Bhanda-sainya-vadhodyuktaa-shakti-vikrama-harshitaa 
भण्डसैन्यवधोद्युक्तशक्तिविक्रमहर्षिता She is delighted at the activity of the Shaktis that are prepared to destroy the army of Bhanda. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 72
Bhanda, the fettered soul, has his army of the ideas of duality, ignorance, evil, illegitimate, immoral, and unrighteous desires, vices, etc. 
Mother is delighted at the gradual betterment of Her devotees in their plane of worldly ideas, aims, intentions, and actions. When a man enjoys even but a small portion of true  Bliss, the veil of ignorance is destroyed and the machinery of increasing causes and effects by mutual action and reaction is set to work speedily.
" When a person does not recognise Mother and Mother's Grace, he gets bewildered by his own  energies and is involved in full worldwormness."
When a person does not recognise the existence of his own powers, some energies take advantage of his weakness.
The latent energies within have two aspects viz. subjective ( Pashubhumikaaa पशुभूमिका ) and objective ( Patibhumikaa पतिभूमिका  ), i.e. leading to brutality or sovereignty. Just as there are red and white corpuscles of opposite nature in a human body, so are there a lower and higher mind as well. There is a constant struggle for superiority and victory between these two minds and their energies. The degenerating energies can be killed out by ameliorating energies only. Once developed, the germ of knowledge or devotion or wisdom or self-control continues to increase. All material things perish by too great use, but these faculties, powers and tendencies, once they take root in the heart, continue to grow.
(69) Nityaa-paraakramaa-topa-nirikshana-samutsukaa
नित्यपराक्रमाटोपनिरीक्षणसमुत्सुका - She rejoices at beholding the rising valour of the Nityaas.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 73
Nityaa means those powers who constantly reside near Her.
Nityaas are similarly the eternal ameliorating energies of the soul. Nityaas are similarly the presiding powers over each of the fifteen days in the bright and black fortnights. And if the latter is gracious, every day that passes makes the Mother's devotee better and better in some field or other and makes him evolve and progress most speedily.
(70) Bhanda-putra-vadhodyukta-baalaa-vikrama-nanditaa
भण्डपुत्रवधोद्युक्तबालाविक्रमनन्दिता - She rejoices in the valour of Baalaa, (who is) ready to slay the sons of Bhanda.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 74
Baalaa means innocence, selflessness purity, etc. as an aspect of Mother, of a nine years young girl who destroys small impurities and evil tendencies of the daily routine life, such as little falsehoods, little cheatings, little selfishness, little pleasure, little indulgence and other little things , so often unnoticed and not minded. Mother begins the progress of her devotees by making him practise great cautiousness in a matter of smallest things, the so-called trivialities.

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